Politics and society

Myanmar - a country in transition with a strong cultural heritage

Following 60 years of military rule, Myanmar has embarked into a process of political reform since a civilian government with strong linkages to the military has taken over in 2010. Myanmar is a parliamentarian democracy according to the new constitution, which has been approved in a (contested) referendum in 2008. It has a two chamber system of parliament. The President holds executive power as the head of government. Censorship has been officially abolished, a number of local and English language media exist. Access to the Internet is not restricted.

Following the victory of the National League of Democracy in the November 2015 elections, the country undergoes another phase of transition under the NLD led government, which has taken office in April 2016.

Among the challenges to be tackled during the next phases of political reform are the resolution of ethnic conflicts persisting since the end of the colonial rule and of religious tensions and resulting migration crises. Despite political reforms and a tangible modernization especially in the urban agglomeration of Yangon, Myanmar continues to be characterized by strong religious and cultural traditions of the Burmese Buddhist majority population. Following its political reforms and after years of sanctions, Myanmar has entered a close political dialogue with western countries. During the past decades, close links have been established with China. Since 1997, Myanmar is a member of the ASEAN. The EU has lifted its sanctions in 2013, the US in October 2016.

Contact

Martin Klose

Delegate of German Industry and Commerce in Myanmar

+95 9 4506 293 64
+95 9 448 458 181
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Sophie Waldschmidt

Senior Manager Economic Development and Business Co-operation

+95 9 4506 293 64
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